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October,2022 Issue

Abstract:

Fusarium spp. are common fungal pathogen that affects a variety of crops mainly wheat and barley. It destroy the seeds and affects the yield of the crop. Management practices are adopted to decrease the effect of the Fusarium graminearum which is main fungal pathogen causing Fusarium head blight. This paper provides an overview of the role of cultural practices which helps to manage the fungal spores.


Abstract:

Background: Occupational stress is an unavoidable phenomenon in human existence in modern-day world of speedy industrialization and growing urbanization. It’s far a psychophysical situation which impacts a person's productiveness, effectiveness, personal fitness and excellent of labor. Teacher pressure is a selected form of occupational stress. Coaching career can be recognized as a stressful occupation in this modern difficult world that can adversely have an effect on the fitness of the academics which in turn impacts the scholars and the learning surroundings.
Aim of the Study: The aim of the study is to assess the occupational stress among teaching faculty
Methodology: A quantitative research approach and non experimental descriptive research design were used to conduct the study. Total 100 teaching faculty were taken by using non probability purposive sampling technique from nursing and paramedical colleges, Punjab. A self administered standardized tool was used to assess the occupational stress.
Results: The findings of the study revealed that majority of faculty members 94 (94%) had moderate level of occupational stress. Due to the role overload the faculty members had more occupational stress with Mean ± SD 16.84 ± 3.08 followed by role conflict area of occupational stress was 14.24± 2.09. In association of occupational stress with gender, qualification, designation, type of family type of job, and experience was significant at p< 0.05 level.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the faculty members had moderate level occupational stress and had more stress in role workload area occupational stress.


Abstract:

Background: Time spent on various digital screens is a sedentary behavior which may be a risk factor for several health problems, including obesity and its co-morbidities.
Aim of the Study: Aim of study is to assess the relationship between screen time and body mass index among nursing students in a selected institute of Punjab.
Materials and Methods: A quantitative research approach and descriptive correlational research design was used to conduct the study. Total 60 nursing students were selected using stratified sampling technique from a nursing institute of Punjab. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data regarding socio-demographic and life style factors, digital screen use and screen time. Anthropometric measurement of height and weight were done to assess the body mass index. Data analysis was done with descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: Of the 60 nursing students, 21(35%) were of GNM course, 32(53.3%) of B.Sc. Nursing, 6(10%) of Post basic B.Sc. Nursing and 1(1.67%) from M.Sc. Nursing. Mean±SD of screen time per day was 4 hrs 39min±2 hrs. 24 (40%) of the students had average daily screen time of 3-5 hrs followed by 22(36.7%) having 5hrs or more, and 14(23.3%) having less than3 hrs. Smartphone was the only device being used by all the students. Mean±SD of BMI was 21.23±5.13. 27(45%) of the students had normal BMI, 20(33.3%) were underweight, 8(13.3%) overweight, and 5(8.3%) were obese. Correlation between screen time & BMI was moderately positive (0.587) which was statistically significant (<0.01).
Conclusion: Significant correlation was found between screen time and BMI in this study.


Abstract:

Background of the Study: A high degree of emotional intelligence may be one key trait that all effective leaders share. Emotional intelligence has a huge impact on leadership performance. High levels of emotional well-being are necessary for effective leadership, which is really evident in all professions, especially those that support human health.
Aim of the Study: The aim of the study is to assess the relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership among the teaching fraternity in professional health institutes.
Methodology: In a quantitative non-experimental correlational research design, 100 teaching fraternities from different nursing and paramedical sciences institutes in Punjab were chosen by using a nonprobability sampling technique. After validation, reliability is determined by conducting a pilot study. After receiving ethical clearance, the data on emotional intelligence and leadership were gathered by using the self-administer research tools.
Analysis / Results: 59 and 54 teaching faculty members demonstrated exceptional high emotional intelligence and leadership. There was a highly statistically significant relationship   (r=0.8) between emotional intelligence and leadership among the teaching fraternity at the level of p < 0.01.
Conclusion: Emotional intelligence and leadership are highly correlated in the teaching fraternity of health teaching institutes.


Abstract:

In view of the alarming rate of expenditure in treatment and health cost of employees annually in Nigeria which has been observed as an emerging trend due to low level of awareness of health risk behaviours. It was crucial for this study to investigate the degree of association between socio-economic characteristics (Sex, Marital Status, Age, Educational Status, Monthly income) and health risk behaviours of employees in oil servicing companies in the Niger Delta Region, Nigeria. A total of 395 copies of structured questionnaire were validated and administered to the workers of the selected oil servicing companies. The result shows that the number of bottles of beer drunk per day correlated significantly with sex (r=0.176), marital status (r=0.168), age distribution (r=0.146), education status (r=0.146) and monthly income (r=0.131) at p<0.05. On the other hand, the frequency of using condom is significantly correlated with marital status (r= 0.240) while age distribution is correlated significantly with frequency of smoking (r=-0.133). The analysis also shows that monthly income significantly correlated with number of bottles drunk per day (r=0.131); frequency of smoking (r=0.124); average number of stick of cigarette or tobacco (r=0.127) and frequency of using condom (r=0.137) all at p<0.05. The regression between (brand of alcohol, frequency of alcohol intake, no of bottles drunk per day, frequency of smoking, average number of sticks, frequency of using condom during sexual intercourse) reveals thus; ( R=0.656; 0.708;  0.786; 0.619; 0.613; 0.701). The regression coefficients being relative high is an indication that socio-economic characteristics has so much influence on health risk behaviour. Based on the findings, intensive awareness campaign on the health benefit of personal health risk assessment, Periodic conduct/ publication of individual health risk assessment by the company management; workers to be liable for all accidents traceable to individual health risk behaviours, intermittent medical examination of workers to ascertain the state of fitness was recommended.


6.DETERMINANT OF HEALTH –RELATED PRODUCTIVITY LOSS IN OIL SERVICING FIRMS IN NIGER DELTA

Godspower Imiete, MeeluBari Barinua Tsaro Kpang, Prince Ch. Mmom

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NIGERIA

Abstract:

Despite the huge amount of money invested to keep workers in shape for production with high expectation in terms of consistent rise in productivity, it remain a shocking fact that on the long run  high rate of absenteeism, high morbidity rate, and loss of work hours, accidents and also low productivity are still recorded. This concern motivated this study to survey health risk behaviour of workers in oil servicing firms and its relationship with low productivity. The survey cut across 27 oil servicing firms in the area with a sample size of 395 workers. Although, the results shows that there is a significant variation in the health risk behaviours common among employees (F=15.946; p<0.05), health risk behaviours correlated significantly with loss of productivity (r=0.849, p<0.05) while it revealed that the dominating health risk behaviours are alcohol consumption, high blood pressure, tobacco use and diabetes/high blood sugar. High cholesterol, body mass index and carelessness/negligence were perceived not to have any significant correlation with low productivity. Therefore, company management should show more concern to worker’s health risk behaviour with proactive measures; periodic conduct of health risk assessment; introduction and sustenance of health promotion programmes and initiation of work target system were some of the recommendations made.


Abstract:

The following essay is based on my presentation on the topic, as part of the Design Week in Tirana and it aims to illustrate the widespread appeal of Kitsch in the region, with the help of a number of images taken throughout the Balkan Peninsula. But before we move on to the analysis of the presented images, let us attempt to define the notion of ‘Kitsch' in broad terms. It is somewhat axiomatic to consider Kitsch as the embodiment of tastelessness and unoriginality. Kitschy artifacts are usually treated like knock-offs of dubious aesthetic quality (Samier,A.E, 2008).