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CALL FOR PAPERS     SUBMISSION LAST DATE      28th December, 2022 FOR JANUARY ISSUE     

August,2022 Issue

1.OCULAR COMPLICATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH HUMAN IMMUNO-DEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) INFECTION AND ITS MANAGEMENT OPTIONS: A REVIEW STUDY

Salal Khan*, Tara Rani, Dr. Kamal Pant, Labishetty Sai Charan, Areeb Rehmani, Shabana Perveen, Kamini Tripathi

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UTTAR PRADESH

Abstract:

To describe the various types of ocular complications associated with Human Immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) infection. And also describe the management or preventive measures associated with it. In all cases of ocular disease due to HIV, there is only one reason i.e. immune system.
A Narrative review was done to review the articles available on PubMed, Google Scholar, Medline, Publon, Orcid, Healthstar, and others related to the ocular complications associated with HIV infections. Peer-reviewed articles/ studies were referred to ascertain the available screening tests, preventive measures, hygiene, and management options for HIV patients. Some authors suggest that ocular manifestation due to HIV infection is not recovered, but few authors suggest that it can be recovered with the help of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in combination with some preventive measures and hygiene.
The Eye-care professional’s responsibility is to spread awareness about the complications related to the eye and their management or preventive measures. Ocular complications are very diverse and relatively frequent in the case of HIV infection. Commonly it is associated with a concurrent diagnosis of depression, anxiety, panic, attack and psychiatric disorders, etc. There are various management or preventive measures like regular eye examinations, follow-up of the HIV patients, following the preventive measures strategies, taking therapy properly, preventing to spread of the infection, etc.


2.DETERMINANT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT'S ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION IN NIGERIA

Idris Adamu Alhaji, Farrah Merlinda Binti Muharam, Yahaya Abdulsalam

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MALAYSIA

Abstract:

Entrepreneurship has been established to be a lifeline of economic growth and development in the developed and developing economy. The objective of this research is to determine some elements that give an explanationon the variations among secondary students embark on intentions. The research also tests the applicability theory of planned behaviour whether if the theory can explainsecondary school student’s entrepreneurial intentions in Bauchi State.
Design/methodology/approach: A cross-sectional survey was carried out via a sample of 345 from 60 secondary schools in Bauchi State. The instrument used is self-administered questionnaires for data the collection. The goal is to measure conceptual model of entrepreneurial intention via structural equations.
Findings: The results revealed that entrepreneurial intentions of secondary students were determine by entrepreneurship education, perceived desirability self-employed and entrepreneurship awareness. The awareness of financial assistance had moderating effects on previous entrepreneurial experience and perceived desirability self-employed. Though, the presumption of start-up business in the future remains self-determining of the fact of whether a person had past experienced involvement with entrepreneurship-related activities and neither do age has any moderating effect on EI.
Originality/value: This study is among thepioneer that provided an empirical evidence of the moderating role of age and awareness of financial assistance in the relationship between EE, PEE, PDSE and EAW and students’ EIs. The outcomes also provide a significant prove to extend that entrepreneurship education particularly in secondary school learners because these students are about to expression their intention on the professional career choices. This remains a facts that whether the students propose to continue with higher education or to become self-employed. Consequently this research contributes on the existing knowledge on the attributes that prompts entrepreneurial intention among secondary school students in Nigeria particularly in Bauchi State.


Abstract:

Autorickshaw transportation is having a vital role in the city life. Auto drivers provide transportation facility to all sections of the people in the city regardless day or night. Auto rickshaw serves an integral transport role to resident of all cities. It is the most popular para - transit mode connectivity to a greater fraction of population. Auto rickshaw industry provides greater number of job opportunities to the unemployed people. Auto and allied industry provided employment opportunity to technicians, dealers, auto finances and the firm is the livelihood for millions. Auto rickshaws are an important part of urban mobility and a step to improving sustainable transportation, as well as quality of life in Indian cities. Integrating autorickshaw services as a feeder mode complements public transportations systems, ensuring connectivity and easy access throughout the city. Auto – rickshaws also bridge the gap between public transport and door- to – door services, providing an alternative to private vehicles. Auto – rickshaws are an important part of urban mobility and a step to improving sustainable transportation, as well as quality of life in Indian cities. Integrating auto rickshaw services as a feeder mode complements public transportations systems, ensuring connectivity and easy access throughout the city. Auto – rickshaws also bridge the gap between public transport and door- to – door services, providing an alternative to private vehicles.



Abstract:

The development of irrigation scheme is hopped to increase agricultural production, establish basis for industrial expansion, create employment opportunities, aid in control of floods and sediments, enhance the preservation of fish, wild life and bring about a transition from the traditional subsistence agricultural practices to a more commercial enterprise. In North shoa zone near Beressa River there are small irrigation practices. Hence, understanding, assessing and observing is carried out on the areas irrigation practiced and not practiced. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of small scale irrigation practices in Debre Berhan around Berressa River. In this study both primary and secondary data from different sources were gathered and analyzed. The data that I have collected was systematically organized and analyzed using descriptive Statistics. The data analysis was carried out using percentage and frequency distribution. Low maintenance of canals with sedimentation, growing of weeds in canals, presence of plastics in canals result low efficiency of canals resulting low performance of irrigation practices. One of the critical things which had a negative impact on irrigation performance was the users use the same irrigation interval for each type of crop and growth stage. Rotational water delivery system was adopted by most irrigation users. Irrigation users who were near to the main canal use demand delivery system as a result the crops could get a required amount of water at the right time.