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April,2022 Issue

Abstract:

There is low utilization of the progress reports from monitoring and evaluation system of the child protection projects at World Vision Kenya. More specifically, less than 10% of the monitoring and evaluation progress reports generated periodically is utilized by the stakeholders. About 40% of the progress reports at World Vision Kenya are not prepared within the established costs, creating cost overruns within the monitoring and evaluation function at World Vision Kenya. The available human resource limitations have comprised the quality and timeliness of the progress reports with regard to child protection projects at World Vision, Kenya. Therefore, this study sought to investigate the influence of human resource allocation on performance of monitoring and evaluation system of child protection projects at World Vision, Kenya. A descriptive design was adopted targeting 9 child protection projects by World Vision Kenya as the unit of analysis and 220 staff from World Vision Kenya at its head quarter in Nairobi as the unit of observation. The sample size was 141 participants. Primary data was collected through questionnaire that was pilot tested among 10 respondents from Save-the-Children. Content and construct validity were adopted while Cronbach Alpha was used to establish reliability. The collected data was processed as aided by SPSS tool supported by descriptive frequencies and percentages) and inferential statistics (regression analysis). It was established that human resource allocation was practiced at World Vision Kenya and significantly contributed towards performance of the M&E system of the child protection projects. The study concludes that human resources are critical when it comes to performance of M&E system in a project organization. The study recommends that the project managers of the child project projects at WVK should ensure that the M&E teams have relevant diversity in terms of gender and age to effectively dispense their duties.


2.COVID-19 AND ITS IMPACT ON INVESTMENT

Rachael Thaker

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MAHARASHTRA

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.6420594

Abstract:

During the post demonetization and GST, the Indian economy was battling persistently to recuperate from the monetary emergency. In the monetary year 2019–2020, the GDP rate tumbled from 7% to 5.4% which is around 18.20%. The BSE Sensex list was 42273 as of January twentieth 2020 yet on April 8, 2020, it was 29894. During the Financial year 2019–2020, a decrease of 26% in the mid-cap list was noticed, and yet, the touchy list diminished by 22%. These things influence the offer market and monetary solidness of individuals. The financial exchange throughout the most recent one-year became unstable and smashed. To deal with the downwards economy, the Government stepped up and declared profound tax breaks for organizations in the period of August 2019. However, in the start of the year 2020, there was another languid stage that determinedly influenced the economy. This time, it was an infection, named COVID-19 (coronavirus), which made a pandemic and spread everywhere. Cross country lockdown was reported to battle with COVID-19 as there was no antibody presented. Beginning from horticulture to material, clothing, auto, flight, lodgings and eateries, poultry, synthetics, customer durables, amusement, sports, FMCG (quick buyer products), drug, internet business, IT, and also corporate areas were unfavorably influenced because of this pandemic and lockdown rules. Consequently, this paper centers around the effect of the crown on the impression of Indian financial backers towards interest in value reserves.


Abstract:

Africa faces a problem of youth unemployment. This rate is even worsening gradually over the years especially due to economic recession facing many countries. Kenya has experienced high rates of unemployment and has introduced projects that can be able to help the youth. The Youth Enterprise Development Fund (YEDF) was launched in order to address the youth unemployment issue by ensuring they provide loans and equip the youth with appropriate skills to creatively engage in economically beneficial activities. However, lack of supportive implementation structures has occluded the youth from accessing such loans. This research project aimed at establishing the influence of project team on the implementation of the youth enterprise development fund project in Machakos County, Kenya. The study used a descriptive research design. The target population for this Research was 100 projects under the YEDF. The respondents were the Project Managers and the sample size was determined using Fisher’s formula. The Data collection instrument was through questionnaires. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The relationship between project team and YEDF projects’ implementation was found to be positive and significant. The study concluded those project teams have a positive and significant influence on YEDF projects’ implementation and also the project team influences project implementation through total commitment to the project where they devote their time and energy. The study recommended that project team should remain steadfast in their support for the project by coming up with strategies that they can effectively adopt to ensure successful implementation of the projects.


4.SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF DIGITAL INTEGRITY OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES

İsmail Emre KAVUT, Mehtap Karsak

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TURKEY

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.6420618

Abstract:

This study was carried out by selecting two decors that uses LED screen technology from music-entertainment programs of TRT television productions by evaluating the relationship between digital screen content and real decor through the concept of "integrity" in interior design. The importance of the subject is emphasized through the importance of visual comfort so that the three-dimensional studio decor attracts the attention of the audience from the two-dimensional screens. As a method, it was preferred to examine the documents of the qualitative research type. The decors of the selected television programs were evaluated by discussing the interior design criteria over the concepts of form, function and meaning and by answering the determined questions. The study is intended to induce further research.


5.APPLICATION OF ODD HARMONIOUS LABELLING OF GRAPHS

A.Bhavya, K.Selvaraj

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TAMIL NADU

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.6420622

Abstract:

The labelling of discrete structures is an attractive research topic due to its vast range of applications. The current research is looking on strange harmonious labelling. If there exists an onto ff:V(G)→{0,1,2,,2q−1} such that the induced function 𝑓∗:E(G) →{1,3,   ,2q−1}defined by f (uv) = f(u) + f(v) is a bijection, the graph G is said to be odd harmonious. We discuss a variety of graphs with unusually synchronized labelling. As we show, Bistar Bn, shadow n's graph, and splitting graph are all odd harmonic graphs. We also show that the random super subdivision of path Pn allows for odd harmonious labelling. We further prove that for n =0(mod 4) the graph H(n,n) and the joint sum of two copies of cycle Cn are odd harmonic graphs.


Abstract:

Project implementation consists of carrying out the activities with the aim of delivering the outputs and monitoring progress compared to the work plan. Sustainability of water projects could originate from the project environment, lack of sufficient resources and management related issues. The objective of the study is to determinants influencing the implementation of water and sanitation projects in Ziwa La Ng’ombe ward in Mombasa County in Kenya. The study was guided by both general and specific objectives. The study objectives will be to examine the influence of project stakeholders’ involvement in implementation of water and sanitation projects in Ziwa La Ng’ombe ward in Mombasa County; to evaluate the influence of project resources availability in implementation of water and sanitation projects in Ziwa La Ng’ombe ward in Mombasa County; to determine the influence of project manager’s skills in implementation of water and sanitation projects in Ziwa La Ng’ombe ward in Mombasa County and to examine the influence of project structural facilities in implementation of water and sanitation projects in Ziwa La Ng’ombe ward in Mombasa County. To strengthen the conceptual framework the study will apply theories such as the stakeholders’ theory, resource-based view theory, resource dependence theory and theory of constraint. The study targeted 25 water and sanitation projects in Ziwa La Ng’ombe ward in the project implementation department. The sample size was 77. A modified Likert scale questionnaire will be developed divided into three parts. A pilot study was carried out to refine the instrument. The quality and consistency of the study further was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Data analysis was performed on a PC computer using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS Version 25) for Windows. Analysis was done using frequency counts, percentages, means and standard deviation, regression, correlation, and the information generated will be presented in form of graphs, charts, and tables. The study established that there was a strong positive correlation between the independent variables stakeholder’s involvement, project resources availability, project manager’s skills, and project structural facilities. On regression, the study findings rejected null hypothesis for stakeholder’s involvement and project resources availability project manager’s skills and project structural facilities. The study concluded that project stakeholder’s involvement, project resource availability, project manager’s skills and project structural facilities have a significant effect on implementation of water and sanitation projects in Ziwa La Ng’ombe ward in Mombasa County. The study recommends that stakeholders should have different roles and therefore they should not clash and that project resources should be applied to project areas that give optimum results.