HOME
ARCHIEVES
CALL FOR PAPERS     SUBMISSION LAST DATE      28th July, 2022 FOR AUGUST ISSUE     

February,2022 Issue

1.ATYPICAL CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA BCR-ABL 1 NEGATIVE: A CASE REPORT AND LITERATURE REVIEW

Jihane Oussaga, Zineddine Et-Tahouri, Hamam mouhsine, Abdelkader Belmekki, Hicham El Yahyaoui, Mustapha Ait Ameur, Mohamed Chakour

Download PDF

MOROCCO

Abstract:

Atypical chronic myeloid leukemia BCR-ABL negative is rare myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasm for which there is no current standard of therapy. Patients with aCML had pronounced immature granulocytosis and granulocytotic dysplasia in their blood smears. We admitted a 60-year-old man with splenomegaly, hyperleukocytosis, anemia, and thrombocytopenia; after cytology, cytogenetic, and molecular biology analyses of bone marrow, we diagnosed aCML using 2016 World Health Organization classification. Chemotherapy was used to treat the patient at first, but the patient’s anemia worsened. This prompted a modification in treatment.


Abstract:

The study sought to find out the effects of financial literacy on the performance of small scale women traders in South Mugirango sub-county. Small scale women traders in South Mugirango sub-county have continued to show limited growth if not retardation. The need for financial literacy skills has become significant with the emphasis of economic empowerment of women. Low levels of financial literacy skills or lack of it among small scale women traders inhibit their growth hence diminish their economic success. The study objectives were; to find out the relationship between budgeting practices and the performance of small scale businesses among women traders, to determine the effects of book-keeping practices on the performance of  small scale businesses among women traders, to establish the effects of credit management practices on the performance among small scale women traders, traders and to find out the challenges experienced by women in accessing financial literacy training programmes in South Mugirango Sub-County. The study was guided by the financial literacy theory. The descriptive Survey research design was used to guide the study. The target population for the study was registered small scale women traders who were beneficiaries of Equity Group Foundation project in South Mugirango Sub-County. A sample size of 34% trained small scale women traders and untrained small scale women traders was selected through random sampling technique. Primary data was obtained using questionnaires administered to the two groups; and key informant interviews with women traders and EGF Credit officers. Data collected was then organized, coded and entered in the computer for analysis. Quantitative analysis yielded frequency distributions, one-way Analysis of variance (ANOVA) with F-statistic, as well as cross tabulations with Chi-square statistic, t-test was used to analyze the differences in performance between the trained and the untrained. The study findings revealed that budgeting skills acquired through financial literacy programmes played significant roles in growing sales, profits and ensuring smooth running of the business. However, some women traders did not carry out any budgeting in their business citing household commitments. In addition, Credit management skills played key roles in enhancing performance of SSEs through facilitation to acquire and manage loans to ensure that loan liability was minimized. Results further indicate that most women traders do not keep proper books of account. However, for those practicing book keeping the skills obtained influenced the performance of their businesses by providing them with mechanisms for tracking performance, and accurate decision making. The findings further revealed that women traders who had undergone financial literacy training performed better than those who had not. Results also revealed that financial literacy training had a significant positive impact on the performance of small scale businesses among women traders. Despite the importance of financial literacy trainings, the programmes are not gendered so as to accommodate the interests of the small scale women traders. The effects of financial literacy skills are evident in hence performance among small scale women traders. The government and Non-governmental organizations should therefore initiate and fund gender-responsive financial literacy programmes throughout the country as a strategy to increase the performance of business among small scale women traders.


Abstract:

Within the ongoing context of decentralization in Cameroon, this paper assesses the importance of the contractual relations for the management of water points in Mbalmayo, especially their contribution for the supply of sustainable drinking water. To achieve this, semi-structured interviews were conducted with resource persons such as the water focal point in the municipality of Mbalmayo, the technical assistant of the PADDL/GIZ of the locality, two technical managers of the divisional delegation of the Ministry of Water and Energy as well as the expert in charge of repairs. Besides, questionnaires were administered to water users and some CGPE managers.  The findings revealed that from 2008 to 2016, initiatives were carried out between the Mbalmayo council with the technical assistance from the German Cooperation with the aim of increasing access to drinking water for the rural population. These initiatives led to the contractualization of the maintenance and up-keep of the Mbalmayo EMPs. This approach brought significant positive impact on the local water service, thanks to a sustainable management approach for human-powered pumps initiated by the municipal authority. It has thus overcome the limits of purely community-based management, whose performance after decades of practice has not been equal to its challenges. Major risks, however, continue to weigh on the sustainability of this water service in the municipality of Mbalmayor including; inadequate maintenance (lack of spare parts), the lack of capacity for the water management committees (lack of training) and the weak enforcement of regulation at the level of the water service.


Abstract:

The study was on succession factors and employee productivity in public universities in Kenya. The study was premised on four specific objectivities namely human resources planning, organizational leadership, organizational culture and organizational policy. To strengthen the conceptual framework the study adopted theories such as human capital theory, transformational leadership theory and theory of organizational culture. This study adopted a cross-sectional survey research design aimed at collecting large number of qualitative and quantitative data at a point in time so as to examine the influence of succession factors on employee productivity in public universities in Kenya. The study findings established that all the four variables have a significant effect on employee performance of public universities in Kenya. The study recommends that special focus should be given to organizational factors when executing duties as they are imperative in employee performances. Sharing of organization vision, encouraging employees to increase their conceptualization, comprehension, and analytical capability should be fronted in all aspects to enhance employee performances. Training should be carried out periodically because it provides skills, knowledge and motivation to the employees which in turns improves their performances. Organizational culture should be formulated in a manner that can encourage respect of authority, fostering an innovative culture, culture of high employee involvement, adaptable culture that drives human resource morale and retention, market turnover and productivity.


Abstract:

A non-experimental descriptive study was conducted to assess the prevalence of Internet Addiction and its association with psychopathology among the adolescents in a selected college of Guwahati, Assam. The objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence of internet addiction, to find out association between the internet addiction and its psychopathology, to find out the association between the internet addiction and selected demographic variables. The adolescents who were studying in class XI who were selected from Lalit Chandra Bharali College, Maligaon, Guwahati by convenient sampling technique. Total 50 samples were selected. Structured questionnaire were used to collect the data and analyzed according to the objectives of the study. Using both descriptive and inferential statistics the study finding shows that the 6% of adolescents were normally addicted to internet, 38% were mild addicted, majority of the adolescents i.e 54% were moderately addicted and 2% were severely addicted. The study findings revealed that there is no significant association between internet addiction and its psychopathology and also no significant association between the internet addiction and selected demographic variables such as age, gender, monthly income, residential place, purpose of using internet, mode of access, duration of use, duration of use within 24 hours and exposure to internet. Association of internet addiction and its psychopathology, internet addiction and selected demographic variables was analyzed by chi square test with degree of freedom at P<0.05 level of significance.


Abstract:

Introduction: Leprosy remains a public health problem in many countries of the world including India, even today. Several studies indicated that perceived stigma and social acceptance towards leprosy was high still.
Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted with 100 participants selected by convenience sampling technique. The tool used for the study was socio demographic variables and structured multiple choice questions to assess the level of acceptance.  Data were collected by interview method on one-one basis. Collected data were analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Result: The result of the study reveals that 13% had low level of social acceptance, 20% had medium level of social acceptance and 67% had high level of social acceptance.
Conclusion: The study findings concluded that patients with leprosy patients had facing lot of discrimination and not fully accepted by society. Health care professionals must take challenges to break the social stigma as well create awareness on myths and facts about the leprosy.


7.KNOWLEDGE AND HYGIENE PRACTICES REGARDING LEUCORRHOEA AMONG WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN SELECTED COMMUNITY AREA OF DISTRICT FARIDKOT, PUNJAB.

Gagandeep Kaur, Harmandeep Kaur, Gurinder Kaur, Humma Mehboob, Gurleen Kaur, Jashanpreet Kaur, Prabhjot Kaur, Parminder Kaur

Download PDF

PUNJAB

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: The complaint of vaginal discharge is very common, particularly in India. Most of the women suffer from vaginal discharge but do not seek medical treatment at early stage due to poor understanding regarding leucorrhoea. The goal of the study is to assess knowledge and hygiene practices of women of reproductive age.
AIM OF STUDY: The aim of study is to assess the level of knowledge and hygiene practices regarding leucorrhoea among the women of reproductive age in selected community area of District Faridkot.
METHDOLOGY: A quantitative research approach, in which descriptive research design was used to conduct the research study. Total 60 reproductive age group women were taken using convenient   sampling technique from selected community area of District Faridkot. A structured knowledge questionnaire and self reported checklist was used to assess the level of knowledge and hygiene practices respectively regarding leucorrhoea among the women of reproductive age.
RESULTS: The results shown that out of 60 reproductive age women 41 (68.3%) have good level of knowledge, 17 (28.3%) have average level of knowledge and only 2(3.3%) have poor level of knowledge. The source of information and treatment therapy used for leucorrhoea is found to be statistical significant association with level of knowledge. The results of hygiene practices shown that 30 (50%) have average hygiene practices, 20 (33.3%) have good hygiene practices and 10 (16.7%) have poor hygiene practices regarding leucorrhoea. There is statistically non-significant relationship of socio-demographic variable with hygiene practices for prevention of leucorrhoea.
CONCLUSION: the study concluded that there is good level of knowledge among women of reproductive age and average in hygiene practices for prevention of leucorrhoea.