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Welcome To IJARR

International Journal of Advanced Research and Review (IJARR) is a peer reviewed, open access International Scientific ONLINE Journal dedicated for rapid publication (monthly) of high quality original research articles, case reports as well as review articles in all subjects. IJARR with an internationally recognized editorial board emphasizes on producing high quality research content.

We intend to build mutually beneficial and long-lasting relationships with our authors and provide them full support throughout the publishing and the post-publishing processes.


Latest Issue, November 2020

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Art and communication have always been related ever since the dawn of humanity craving to find new ways to convey diverse messages. Artist creativity has explored undiscovered territories with the concern of reflecting inner self, thoughts and ideas to others through the use of various techniques. In search of finding the original, installation art became an approach mostly used in biennales, exhibitions, museums and galleries in order to mirror the expressiveness and imagination of the content creator. Rethinking the facts that constitute the space in terms of the message, unique creations coherent with cognitive abilities and individual perception are displayed with the practice of installation.
The usage of the approach in theatric display, artistic implementations and on nature carries a precious social awareness value. The study explores the approach of installation art with its reasons of existence, goals and properties as well as describing the impact it makes on society. Connection with architectural space and play like scenography is explained and compared in the study to be able to provide a point of reference related to the keywords presented. Globally renowned examples of installations are provided in order to determine the relation to the emerging sociological and cultural aspects of the practice.


The Indian Rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.), is one of the precious timber tree species categorized as “Vulnerable” in the Red Data Book of IUCN. The fast depletion of its valuable genetic resources due to over-exploitation and low regeneration has been a matter of great concern. In this context, a study on the macropropagation of this species through root cuttings was undertaken. The root cuttings of D. latifolia were maintained in polytunnel condition to produce the sprouts which were used for rooting. The effect of sprout lengths (5 – 10 cm, 11 – 15 cm and 16 – 20 cm), IBA forms (powder and liquid) and IBA concentrations (2000 ppm and 4000 ppm) on the rooting of sprouts as well as suitability of different rooting media were investigated. The results showed that IBA form and its concentration have significant impact on rooting. But, sprout lengths did not significantly influence the rooting.  The liquid form of IBA at 2000 ppm concentration resulted in highest rooting (65-70%) compared to powder form and higher IBA concentration. The water and vermiculite were found to be the best rooting media compared to sand, red soil, coir pith and vermicompost. Initial rooting using water medium and further transplanting to vermiculite (water + vermiculite medium method) resulted in better rooting of sprouts. The study revealed that the right IBA form, its optimum concentration and appropriate rooting media play a crucial role in successful macropropagation, which could be useful for the production of quality planting stock and conservation of genetic resources of this threatened species.


Dr Chrysanthus Chukwuma Sr

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Hunger has both surreptitiously and perspicuously ravaged the human population worldwide. The ingestion of adequate and nutritious food is the essential ingredient for growth and development as well as the major panacea to curb hunger and strife. COVID-19 has ushered in a unique dimension whereby private and public institutions advocate sustainable trajectories by making appropriate choices designed to encourage empowerment and justice to overcome hunger worldwide. Prior to the advent of COVID-19, sustainable policies advocated expansive conceptual fields involving the individual, nuclear and extended family, governance and administration as well as Society at large because hunger has incessantly been widespread and detrimental to human welfare and well-being. Persons who are always hungry are the extremely poor and vulnerable populations with perspicuous chronic hunger. In order to circumvent the devastating effects of hunger, it is pertinent to demonstrate behavioural changes, develop and enhance literacy and sustainable skills.


The performance of most projects in Kenya fails to meet the expected goal based on time and cost indicators. More than seventy percent of the implemented projects recorded time and cost variations. Most of Kenya’s urban construction sector projects fail to achieve their objectives despite the many rules, regulations and the quality training of the consultants. In 2013, Mombasa County failed to deliver on its development public projects to the tune of fifty-seven percent. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of project management practices on performance of the public projects in Mombasa County in Kenya. Specifically, the study sought to examine the effect of planning, financial management practices, stakeholders’ involvement, project team competence and monitoring and evaluation on the performance of the public projects in Mombasa County in Kenya. The study anchored on systems theory as the core theory for the study. The study adopted descriptive research design. Data was collected using open and closed ended questionnaires from a target population of 189. The sampling was done by use of a stratified sampling procedure and the sample size was 66 project officers. The questionnaires were conveyed to the respondents through the drop and pick technique. A pilot study was conducted on nineteen project officers from the target population who did not participate in the study. The data reliability was determined by using the test-retest technique and the Cronbach Alpha was used to test internal consistency of the items in the questionnaire. The data was analysed by use of qualitative and quantitative techniques. Qualitative data was analysed using content analysis. Quantitative data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings indicated that planning, financial management practices, monitoring and evaluation, project team competences and stakeholder’s involvement had a relationship with the performance of public projects in Mombasa county. The study concluded that the performance of the project is partly caused by the planning, financial management practices, monitoring and evaluation, project management team competencies and stakeholder’s involvement. It is recommended that the public sector hires competent project managers who have the qualifications in project management in order to carry out proper planning and management of projects. It is also recommended that other factors affecting performance of projects be studied within Mombasa county as well as in the entire republic of Kenya. The findings of the study are useful to the government and policy makers, project managers, consultants and external stakeholders.


Dr.Danesh Karunanayake, T.P.N.K.Amarathunga, N.D.U.Vimukthi

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Research studies had empirically shown that school systems affect the students’ academic performance. This study aims to examine girls’ academic performance in single sex versus coeducational schools and find out the best schooling system which enhances school girls’ academic performance in Sri Lanka. The study used a qualitative research design. One single sex school and one coeducational school were selected from the Central Province. Applying a semi-structured interview method, eight interviews were conducted consisting of two ordinary level female students, one teacher and one mother selected under the convenient sampling method from each school. All the collected data were analyzedusing thematic analysis. Results of the study highlighted that, in both schools’,the academic performance of female students were differently influenced by their involvement in extracurricular activities, peer relationships, subject related knowledge, education aspirations etc. Mothers reported that they usually encourage their daughters about their academic work regardless of whether the school is a single sex or coeducational one. Instead, the mothers are more concerned about the popularity of the schools. Teachers stated that their teaching experiences and guidance are different when they teach in single sex and coeducational schools. Both teachers reported that the girls who study in single sex schools achieve better academic performances than the girls who study in coeducational once. In conclusion, we can conclude that both systems work well in certain situations. Hence, we still do not have enough evidence to come to a precise conclusion that single sex education is better than coeducation or vice versa for school girls in the Sri Lankan context.


Integrated Financial management information systems (IFMIS) is the computerization of public expenditure management processes including budget formulation, budget execution, and accounting with the help of a fully integrated system for financial management of central government ministries, county governments and other spending agencies. The general objective of this study was to establish the effect of IFMIS on financial performance of County governments in Kenya. The specific objectives were to determine how integrated budgeting system, procurement information system, reporting information system and revenue collection information system affects financial performance of County Governments. The target population of the study included 208 employees of Coastal County Government and a sample of 137 employees taken to be a representative of all employees in Coastal Kenya who use IFMIS. Descriptive survey was used to collect both primary and secondary data. Structured questionnaires were distributed targeting 137 Coastal Kenya County Government employees. The data collected was analyzed with the help of Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) version 21. Descriptive analysis was done using frequency distributions, percentages, mean and standard deviation to summarize results on individual variables. Inferential analysis was done using correlation and multiple regression models in order to establish the linear relationships between one or more variables and to test the significance of the relationships between the dependent and independent variables. The results were presented in tables and inferences drawn at 95% level of confidence. Results showed that there was a strong positive correlation between use of integrated budgeting system and financial performance of County Governments. Results showed that there was a strong positive correlation between use of procurement information system and financial performance of County Governments. Results showed that there was a strong positive correlation between use of reporting information system and financial performance of County Governments. Results showed that there was a strong positive correlation between use of revenue collection information system and financial performance of County Governments. It was concluded that integrated budgeting system improves credibility and confidence of the budget by ensuring that it is detailed and transparent with all the financial reports adequately prepared. Procurement information system enhanced procurement process that ultimately led to efficiencies in resource utilization. Reporting information system improved expenditure management and control. Finally, it was concluded that revenue collection information system ensured transparency and accountability of collected county revenue. It was recommended that the county management should always embrace IFMIS in budgeting process. In order to improve the procurement process within county level there is need to continually embrace procurement information system. In order to enhance financial reporting process within county, there is need to encourage compliance on policies governing the system. The county governments should ensure that the revenue collection information system is well integrated and efficient so as to increase the revenue collection as this was found to work better than old revenue collection methods.