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International Journal of Advanced Research and Review (IJARR) is a peer reviewed, open access International Scientific ONLINE Journal dedicated for rapid publication (monthly) of high quality original research articles, case reports as well as review articles in all subjects. IJARR with an internationally recognized editorial board emphasizes on producing high quality research content.

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Latest Issue, April 2024

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Abstract:

Withania somnifera family Solanaceae is commonly known as “Indian winter cherry” or “Indian Ginseng” or Ashwagandha in Hindi. It is the most important medicinal plant of Indian traditional System of Medicine. Plant root smells like horse (Ashwa), so it is called Ashwagandha (Means it gives the power of a horse). It is commonly used as a tonic and also to treat arthritis, leucoderma, constipation, insomnia, nervous breakdown, goiter etc. Crusted root paste is applied to reduce the inflammation at the joints. The present communication deals with a details account of the pharmacognostic study and physicochemical analysis carried out on root of the Withania somnifera. The study includes microscopy, powder microscopic studies, physicochemical tests, preliminary phytochemical screening, and development of HPTLC (High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography) fingerprints profile and heavy metal tests. Physicochemical tests were performed and found average values of root such as loss on drying at 1050C 5.12% w/w, total ash value 7.15% w/w, acid insoluble ash value 1.5% w/w, alcohol soluble extractive value 15.50% w/w and water soluble extractive value 25.14%w/w. Preliminary phytochemical tests were performed and found varous types of the phytoctoconstituents viz. Alkaloids, tannins, flavonods, saponins and protins. HPTLC (High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography) fingerprints profile of methanolic extract was done by using mobile phase toluene: ethyl acetate (7:3). Methanolic extract sample was applied, developed the plate and major spots Rf values with colour were recorded before derivatization at 254nm, 366am and after derivatization at 366nm. Heavy metals (Pb, Cd, As, & Hg) were tested and found under WHO limits Established parameters can be used as standards for quality control and identification of the plant in herbal compound formulations and also preparation of a monograph of the plant.


2.A STUDY TO ASSESS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS AMONG STUDENTS FOR PREPARING FOR MEDICAL ENTRANCE EXAM

Ashu Kesar, Meenakshi Sharma, Rachna Gill, Supreet Kaur, Gurwinder Kaur, Gopal Singh Charan

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Abstract:

Introduction: Psychological distress encompasses emotional suffering like stress, anxiety, and burnout. In the competitive pursuit of medical college admission in India, twelfth-grade scores and entrance exam rankings mark a challenging journey for students and families.
Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess psychological distress among students preparing for medical entrance exams. The study was carried out at selected coaching centres in Jalandhar, Punjab. A total of 100 students were included using the convenience sampling technique. Data were collected through interviews, which included socio-demographic profiles and Five-point Likert scale, specifically Kessler's Psychological Distress Scale. This scale consisted of 10 questions with responses ranging from "All of the time" (5) to "None of the time" (1), resulting in minimum score of 10 and maximum score of 50. Scores were further categorized as follows: Likely to be well (10-19), mild distress (20-24), moderate distress (25-29) and severe distress (≥30).  Data analysis was conducted using IBM SPSS version 27.
Results: Out of 100 study subjects, 22% reported experiencing distress at well, indicating relatively minimal psychological distress. Meanwhile, 27% indicated mild level of distress, suggesting the presence of some emotional strain. Additionally, 24% reported moderate level of distress, implying more discernible degree of psychological challenge. On the other hand, 27% of participants faced severe level of distress. The mean score of distress was 25.75±7.55. 
Conclusion: The study highlights the need for tailored interventions to support students during exam preparation. Future research could delve into nuanced factors influencing distress levels.


Abstract:

Background: World, especially India had been witnessing a sharp increase of death and disability due to cardiovascular disease (CVD. Lifestyle modifications, including dietary changes and acculturation are the main reasons for the high prevalence of hypertension among the Indian indigenous (tribal) population. Though studies have been conducted in urban and rural areas, data related to tribal communities is limited. The present study aims to examine various CVD related risk factors including hypertension, high waist –hip ratio and obesity in 2 blocks of Birbhum district, West Bengal.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the adult tribal (18 years and above) population of 892 from 2 blocks (Rajnagar & Md Bazar) of Birbhum district. Data related to blood pressure, anthropometry, demographic and behavioural variables were collected with prior consent from the participants from April to December, 2023.Statistical tests such as logistic regression, odds ratio, percentage were used to analyze the data. Data was analyzed with STATA software.
Results: The prevalence of hypertension among tribal population was 30.24 % for male population and 34.09 % for female population in study area. Hypertension was comparatively higher among illiterate population who were not aware regarding medicine used, physical activity and dietary intake. Logistics regression revealed that socioeconomic variables had an impact on hypertension.
Conclusions: A significant co-occurrence of higher body mass index (BMI), fewer physical activities, increased fat consumption, and changing habits relating behaviour to hypertension may be designated as potential risk factors. The prevention and treatment intervention programs should be implemented taking into consideration age and gender.