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Welcome To IJARR

International Journal of Advanced Research and Review (IJARR) is a peer reviewed, open access International Scientific ONLINE Journal dedicated for rapid publication (monthly) of high quality original research articles, case reports as well as review articles in all subjects. IJARR with an internationally recognized editorial board emphasizes on producing high quality research content.

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Latest Issue, May 2024

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Abstract:

This research paper aims to comprehensively examine the biology, ecology, and economic significance of Clarias batrachus, emphasizing its invasive nature and implications for both natural ecosystems and human activities. Through a review of existing literature, this paper explores the taxonomy, morphology, reproductive biology, and life cycle of Clarias batrachus, along with its ecological impacts on native ecosystems and its economic importance in aquaculture. Clarias batrachus, commonly known as the walking catfish, is a freshwater fish species native to Southeast Asia but has become invasive in many parts of the world. Clarias batrachus belongs to the kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Actinopterygii, order Siluriformes, family Clariidae, and genus Clarias. It is commonly known as the walking catfish or freshwater air-breathing catfish. The reproduction and life cycle of Clarias batrachus involve several stages, including courtship, spawning, egg development, and early life stages. Additionally, it discusses current control and management strategies for mitigating its spread and outlines future research directions for improved conservation efforts.


Abstract:

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus  that causes HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome  (Douek et al., 2009). AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive collapse of immune system allows acute opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. In the present study carried out on 942 patients with various sexually transmitted diseases 65 patients were found to be seropositive for HIV. Out of these 42 were males (64.61%) while 23 were females (35.38%) which are lower than Burzin et al. (2006) from Ahmedabad reported 77.51% males and 22.49% females found seropositive for HIV. This might be due to less no. of patients in our study. Large number of cases in males in comparison to females is explained from the fact that in females the social stigma and discrimination prevents the women to seek help of STD clinic facility, which in turn contribute higher cases in males. Hence, our study support the males are affected than the opposite sex. Among 65 HIV patients, herpes Progenitalis is the commonest STD with 28 cases (43.07%), followed by Syphilis (18.45%), Mixed VDs (12.3%), Molluscum contagiosum (7.69%), Gonorrhoea (6.15%), Chancroid (4.61%), Condyloma acuminate (3.07%), Granuloma Inguinale (1.53%), Lymphogranuloma venereum (1.53%) and Nongonococcal urethritis (1.53%) indicating that HIV is co-supplemented with STDs and such STD patients are high risk of HIV Seropositivity.