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International Journal of Advanced Research and Review (IJARR) is a peer reviewed, open access International Scientific ONLINE Journal dedicated for rapid publication (monthly) of high quality original research articles, case reports as well as review articles in all subjects. IJARR with an internationally recognized editorial board emphasizes on producing high quality research content.

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Latest Issue, June 2024

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1.DIVERSIFICATION OF ARABICA COFFEE (COFFEA ARABICA L.) WITH ENSET FOR SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION

Wubishet Tamirat, Mohammed Aman, Alemeseged Yilma, Abera Kejela, Tigist Beza, Hewan Tadesse, Taye Kufa, Getachew WeldeMichael, Daba Etana and Abrar Sualeh

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Abstract:

Crop diversification refers to the practice of cultivating various crops on a single farm or within a particular area. In general, crop diversification is utmost importance as it contributes significantly to the maintenance of food security, environmental sustainability, and economic stability within the agricultural industry. The study was conducted at Gera Agricultural Research Sub-Center from 2014 to 2020 cropping seasons to draw biologically and economically sound recommendations for the coffee to enset intercropping ratio in highland agro-ecologies like Gera, located in southwestern Ethiopia. The experimental treatments included sole coffee, sole enset, one row of coffee to one row of enset (1C:1E), two rows of coffee to one row of enset (2C:1E), three rows of coffee to one row of enset (3C:1E), and a staggered planting pattern where enset was planted at the center of four coffee trees with a 4m distance. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. There were significant differences (P≤ 0.05) observed among the treatments in terms of the mean clean coffee and kocho yield, and overall quality over the years. The highest overall years mean clean coffee yield (1573.75kg/ha) was obtained from sole coffee, followed by staggered planting and the 2C:1E treatment, which yielded 1173.45kg/ha and 1087.17kg/ha, respectively. For kocho, the highest overall years mean (6276kg/ha) was obtained from the equal ratio (1C:1E) treatment, followed by staggered planting pattern with a yield of 5167kg/ha. The staggered treatment showed the highest Land Equivalent Ratio (LER) and yield advantage, with values of 2.06 and 0.766, respectively, for the overall mean. The results also indicated that the overall quality of the crops fell within highly acceptable ranges. In conclusion, the staggered intercropping coffee with enset proved to be the most effective planting system.


2.YIELD AND PRODUCTIVE CENTERS OF HYBRID COFFEE AS AFFECTED BY POPULATION DENSITY AND PRUNING METHODS

Wubishet Tamirat, Mohammed Aman, Alemseged Yilma, Taye Kufa, Getachew WeldeMichael and Daba Etana

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Abstract:

The production and productivity of coffee are significantly influenced by several factors, including the utilization of unimproved varieties and poor agronomic practices. To address this issue, it is crucial to implement recommended agronomic technologies, such as spacing and pruning methods. This study aimed to determine the appropriate spacing and pruning methods that would enhance the yield of hybrid coffee (Gawe) in Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia. The study spanned seven consecutive cropping seasons from 2014 to 2021 at the Jimma Agricultural Research Center which had nine treatment combinations with three spacing (2.5m*2.5m, 2.0m*2.5m, 2.0m*2.0m) and three pruning methods (capped and topped multiple stems, capped and un-topped multiple stems and free growth) were used. The treatment combinations were arranged in a factorial randomized complete block design with three replications. The clean coffee yield, nonproductive centers (dead and nonbearing branches), productive centers (bearing and new growth branches) and canopy diameter were recorded and analyzed using statistical software (SAS). The result revealed that the highest clean coffee yield was obtained from 2.0m*2.0m followed by 2.0m*2.5m with the respective values of 2333.9kg/ha and 2294.7kg/ha from free growth practice. In contrast, the lowest clean coffee yield (1375.8kg/ha) was obtained from a wider spacing of 2.5m*2.5m with capped and un-topped multiple stems. Similarly, the highest coffee tree nonproductive and productive centers were obtained from closer spacing with free growth practice. The findings indicated that the implementation of pruning methods increased the canopy diameter of the coffee tree. Therefore, it can be concluded that a spacing of 2.0m*2.0m, combined with free growth enhances both yield and productive centers for hybrid coffee variety (Gawe) in mid altitude areas like Jimma. Additional investigation is necessary for the spacing and pruning techniques employed for recently introduced hybrid coffee varieties across different agroecologies.


Abstract:

Drought stress impacts plants at various levels, causing damage and adaptive responses. Plant species have developed various mechanisms, including morphological, physiological, biochemical, cellular, and molecular responses, to adapt to drought conditions, enabling them to overcome stress. Plant species develop mechanisms like the cuticle layer, composed of cutin and wax. The cuticle plays a crucial role in plant life, regulating water loss, gas exchange, and nutrient absorption, and its wax acts as a tolerant mechanism.  The aim of this paper is to review the role of Epicuticular wax on coffee under drought conditions. Plant epicuticular waxes represent the outermost boundary layer of the majority of land plants. Epicuticular wax (ECW), a protective substance, forms crystalline projections on plants' surfaces, enhancing water repellent properties, reducing radiation load, improving transpiration efficiency and their crucial influence on surface wet ability and particle adhesion. It acts as a natural barrier, enhancing plant resistance against diseases, and protecting against harmful organisms. Therefore, Epicuticular wax is a trait utilized for drought-tolerant mechanisms on coffee under drought stress conditions.


4.EFFECTIVENESS OF LAUGHTER THERAPY ON QUALITY OF SLEEP AMONG B.Sc. NURSING STUDENTS

Dr. Ghanshyam Tak, Ms.Kawalpreet kaur, Ms. Mandeep, Ms. Manjeet, Ms .Manjot, Ms. Manmeet, Ms. Manu

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Abstract:

Introduction: During sleep, your body is working to support healthy brain function and maintain your physical health Getting inadequate sleep over time can raise your risk for chronic health problems Sleep is very essential in better memory, lower weight gain risk, better calorie regulation, greater athletic performance, and social intelligence. There is a need for simple, easy treatment to improve quality of sleep of B.Sc. Nursing students. The regular practice of laughter therapy can have beneficial effects on quality of sleep among B.Sc. Nursing students.
Aim: The aim of study to assess the effectiveness of laughter therapy on quality of sleep among B.Sc. Nursing students of selected college of Punjab.
Material and Methods: A quantitative research approach and pre experimental research design was conducted on 50 B.Sc. Nursing students. Data was collected by sleep quality scale and analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The study depicted that during pre-test, Mean ± SD score of moderate quality of sleep was 51.08 ± 4.582 and for severe quality of sleep, score is 66.84 ± 6.6764. During post-test, Mean ± SD score of moderate quality of sleep was 46.8 ± 5.02 and for severe quality of sleep, the score was 67 ± 5.339.
Conclusion: Based on the results, the studies conclude that laughter therapy implementing in day to day life may increase quality of sleep.


Abstract:

This research examines the non-linear effects of information and communication technology (ICT) diffusion on economic growth in 30 MENA and African countries from 2000 to 2020. The study employs panel smooth transition regression (PSTR) and the generalized method of moments (GMM) to analyze the data. Some main conclusions are presented as follows.
First, the PSTR models effectively capture the smooth non-linear effects of ICT diffusion on economic growth. In countries with high levels of ICT development, ICT diffusion positively impacts economic growth when ICT diffusion is below a threshold of 3.88. Above this threshold, the effects change. In less ICT-developed countries, ICT development initially negatively correlates with economic growth up to a threshold of 2.10. Beyond this threshold, the relationship reverses, becoming positive.
Second, in the least ICT-advanced countries, a "leapfrog effect" is observed, where ICT's impact on economic growth shows a continuous upward trend.
Finally, the GMM results show that the effects of ICT on economic growth differ between more and less ICT-advanced countries. In the most ICT-advanced countries, the relationship between ICT and economic growth follows an inverted "U" shape. In the least ICT-advanced countries, the relationship takes on a "U" shape.


Abstract:

Ayurveda is a life science. Ayurvedic researchers could rule out the occurrence of Srotas throughout the human body. Srotas is the sole route that transfers Dhatu during metabolic change. According to certain authors, Srotas might be understood as a microvascular carrier that specializes in material exchange. These Srotas are overseen by Vayu, who utilizes all of the Srotas of the body to carry out the functional and physiological activities of the human body, without which human civilization would not exist. The acharyas described several synonyms for Srotas.
Srotas have their own Moolasthan, or root. Chakrapani defined Moolasthana of Srotas as Prabhavasthana, which refers to the anatomical seat of the respective Srotas, the primary site of pathological alterations, having diagnostic value, or being the focus of treatment.


Abstract:

Stigma and shame experienced with the obese body cannot be overlooked when taking into accountthe biopsychosocial factors at work when undergoing weight loss surgery. Society has a tendency to classify people into what it considers to be ‘normal’ or ‘abnormal’. The academic literature indicates that, due to the related health implications, Western cultures, including medical and healthcare professionals, have adopted thepositionthat fat is bad to the point that such beliefs might be considered an accepted form of bias. The present paper therefore deliberates the theoretical literature on this matter and the implications this has for both policy and practice.


8.EFFECTS OF FEEDING BANANA PEELS MEAL ON THE PERFORMANCE OF WEANED RABBITS

Adamu B, Abdullahi, S, Usman, K., Saidu, S. G, Surayya A.

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Abstract:

The study was carried out at the Teaching and Research Farms Federal College of Education, Yola Adamawa State Nigeria to determine the performance of weaned rabbits fed graded inclusion levels of banana peels meal (BPM) diets. Thirty-six (36) weaned rabbits aged between 5-7 weeks, with an initial weight of 624.24 to 682.54g were used, daily feed intake ranged from 48.66 to 52.53g, daily weight gains 6.33 to 7.95g final weight gain was 1156.12 to 1299.57g, and feed conversion ratio 6.36 to 7.97.Four treatments feeding trial (T1, T2, T3 and T4) was subjected to a completely randomized design (CRD) with different inclusion levels of banana peels at 0, 10, 20 and 30%, respectively. The highest weight gain was recorded in diet T4. This implied that the inclusion levels of banana peels in the diets have no allergic effect on the Rabbits. The study concluded that 30% of banana peels can be incorporated by farmers as one of the alternatives feeds substitute for maize in the diet of rabbit so as to reduce the total costs of feeds.