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International Journal of Advanced Research and Review (IJARR) is a peer reviewed, open access International Scientific ONLINE Journal dedicated for rapid publication (monthly) of high quality original research articles, case reports as well as review articles in all subjects. IJARR with an internationally recognized editorial board emphasizes on producing high quality research content.

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Latest Issue, May 2018

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Abstract:

Ideal space design for the elderly of the future is studied at this study. First part of this study is introduction. The aim is to determine the aspects about the old age and the adults who live their middle-age in a modern life style. It is aimed to learn their aspects and expectations about the old age, to get the principles of making ideal space design for the elderly of the future. In second part; the basic definitions about the concepts of ‘old age’ are explained. Then, the relationship between adult-child-elderly is studied. The importance of the relationship between the generations is explained.In third part; the condition and living standards of elderly are specifically analyzed. Then, the alternatives of space designs from different countries, designed for the elderly are examined and the changes of spaces from the year 1950 to 2000 are observed.In conclusion; obtained findings are evaluated and it is explained that as the population of the elderly increases, the importance of the requirements of the elderly increases.


Abstract:

Ageing in Sri Lanka is more rapid compared to other developing countries, especially South Asian countries.  This is due to the rapid demographic transition which was influenced by the speedy advancement of health and education in the country supporting increasing life expectancy at birth and reducing total fertility rates of the country.  However, this changing demographic scenario of the country, along with social development, has created intergenerational gaps as several generations live during the same time and differences in attitudes between elderly parent generation and adult children generation have emerged.  This study examines the emerging intergenerational inequalities due to the speedy growth of the ageing population and family change in Sri Lanka. This study is based on a survey carried out in the Galle district, Sri Lanka with a sample of 300 elders and 150 adult children. Stratified sampling and simple random sampling techniques were used and data were analyzed through uni-variate and bivariate analysis using SPSS software. This study showed that the traditional and cultural norm of elderly care has been changing with changing attitudes among the adult children generation due to their changing life patterns in the present society. This study further revealed that half of the adult children are of the opinion that the reason for not living with elderly parents is to have a free life after marriage without kin influence, whilst one fifth of them want to maintain the privacy oftheir immediate family.  Therefore, this study further revealed that intergenerational inequalities between generations are emerging and creating several issues in relation to elderly care. 


Abstract:

Background: Diabetes mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia and disturbance of the carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism that is associated with absolute or relative deficiencies of insulin action or secretion. Prevalence of diabetes in adult’s world –wide is higher in developed than in developing countries. The number of adults with diabetes in the world will rise 135 million in 1995 to 300 million in the year 2025. Lack of knowledge among diabetes patients may alter their practice. Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the level of knowledge and practice of self administration of insulin among diabetes mellitus patients. Objectives: 1) Assess the pre existing level of knowledge and Practice of patients with Diabetes mellitus regarding self-administration of insulin. 2) Administer video assisting teaching on self administration of insulin. 3) Evaluate the effectiveness of video assisting teaching regarding self administration of insulin. 4) Find out the association between pre-test knowledge and Practice with selected demographic variables of patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. Material and Method: A pre- experimental one group pre-test, post-test design was used for the study. 70 diabetes patients were selected by using Non-Probability Convenient sampling. Video assisted teaching was administered to every sample after the pre-test. Post-test administration was done on the 7th day after pre-test. Data was collected through self –structured questionnaires and check-list The conceptual framework used for this study was General System model (1968).Results: The mean of pre test knowledge score was (7.385714), sd (1.771701) and the mean percentage were (29.54286%). The mean of pre test practice score was (5.2286) sd (1.09242) and the mean percentage was (40.22%). The mean of post test knowledge score was (13.97143), sd (1.727622) and the mean percentage were (55.88571%). The mean of post test practice was (8.5286) sd (1.17611) and the mean percentage was (65.60%) From the entire socio-demographic variable only two variables that is Sex, education was associated with pre-test knowledge score and only two variables sex, education and source of information are associated with pre test practice score. The mean difference of pre and post level of knowledge is 6.585716 and the mean difference of pre and post level of practice is 3.3 which show the effectiveness of Video assisted Teaching Programme. The paired t calculated value of knowledge is 38.557 and the calculated “t” value of practice is 18.682 at 0.05 level of significance which is more than table value of “t”. Conclusion: The result of the present study shows that there is a great need for the diabetic patients to update their knowledge and practice regarding self administration of insulin. 


4.EXPLORING THE EFFECT OF MUSICAL COMPOSITIONS ON VALUE AWARENESS AMONG ADOLESCENT STUDENTS

Ms. Lalitesh Tiwari,  Dr. Neha Shivhare, Prof. Sudha Sahgal

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UTTAR PRADESH

Abstract:

The present paper aims at studying the effect of Musical Compositions (integrating scholastic subject’s specific concepts and associated values) on Value Awareness among the adolescent students. In the present study, ‘Music’ as a medium for developing Value Awareness among adolescent students was chosen (Vaidya, 2004). The present research was based on the experimental research method which utilized the quasi-experimental pre-post-test research design with the control group. Purposive method of sampling was adopted for the selection of school from Agra city. 56 adolescent students within 12-15 age group was selected randomly from two sections of VIII standard of a school in Agra as the experimental (N=28) and the control group (N=28). Musical Compositions (integrating scholastic subject’s specific concepts and associated values) based on Indian Classical Ragas (Bilawal, Bhoopali, and khmaj) were  taught to the experimental group for a period of 16 weeks (50 days, one-hour session for four days per week) in order to develop awareness of values among the adolescent students. The scholastic concepts of subjects like Science and Social Science were taught to the control group by the traditional method of teaching. The data were recorded on quantitative as well as qualitative measures. For the collection of quantitative data Value Assessment Questionnaire (developed by the researcher), and for qualitative data observation technique was employed. The consolidated data were tabulated and analyzed to meet the purpose of the study. The pre-post-test scores were calculated by using t-test and findings of the study revealed the insignificant difference in Value Awareness between the control and the experimental group. It was found that music facilitates learning of concepts and strengthens self-confidence, self-discipline, and cooperation among the adolescent students, but it does not have the significant effect on value awareness in total.


Abstract:

In Kenya, the transport industry employs large number of employees. It is the responsibility of the management to ensure that employees have the right skills and knowledge that necessitates the organization to achieve its objective. To achieve this, employers   have adopted a variety of human resource policies and practices with the aim of improving organization performance but despite all these efforts, performances of these organizations are perennially low. The human resource function in the transport sector cannot be considered to be a complete system of efficiency and effectiveness unless it is followed by an equally competent system of audit. It is for this reason that the researcher assessed the influence of HR audit on performance of multiple group of transport companies. The key variables of the study were: training, the reward system, recruitment and selection and how they influence performance. The study was guided by three theories namely:  Human capital theory, contingency theory and the best fit theory. The study employed a descriptive survey design; collected data from all the 5 group companies of multiple using questionnaires. The target population of the study comprised of 28 HR staff at multiple group of companies.  Since the whole population was involved, 28 Questionnaires were self-administered to all the respondents. The collected data was then subjected to SPSS for analysis and interpretations. Hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance and findings presented in form of tables. The coefficient of correlation for the relationship between independent variables and the dependent variable is 0.905 which shows a strong positive correlation. The value of R-square of 0.819 implies that 81.9% of the variation in organization performance at multiple group of Transport Companies is explained by the independent variables. As from the inferences drawn from the regression analysis and conclusions drawn, the study recommended a regular audit on major HR practices as they are key factors that influence organization performance.