Welcome To IJARR

International Journal of Advanced Research and Review (IJARR) is a peer reviewed, open access International Scientific ONLINE Journal dedicated for rapid publication (monthly) of high quality original research articles, case reports as well as review articles in all subjects. IJARR with an internationally recognized editorial board emphasizes on producing high quality research content.

We intend to build mutually beneficial and long-lasting relationships with our authors and provide them full support throughout the publishing and the post-publishing processes.


Latest Issue, March 2018

Click On the Title to Read Abstract

Metaphors help to describe things. Metaphors have been used for many years in many research areas, in explaining scientific terms, expressing feelings, explaining the mystery of the language of humor, and even describing diseases. The scope of this research is to examine the concepts ’Mass-Void’ as metaphors. The study aims are to look metaphorically to the conceptual dilemma of 'mass-void'. By examining this conceptual dilemma of ‘mass-void’ metaphorically, it is emphasized that these concepts are related to many different branches. These branches include different perspectives and interpretations related to architecture, sports, art and philosophy.
Themethods used during the study are research, observation and photography. Firstly, the concepts of 'metaphor' and 'mass-void' have been researched.Observations were made within the scope of the study. Fener, Balat, Galata and Eminönü regions of İstanbul were visited. During this visit, the details observed with a metaphorical point of view were examined.Within the scope of the study, Fener, Balat, Galata and Eminönü regions were investigated.Throughout the research, new perspectives have been discovered by approaching the topic metaphorically. The findings of the observations and studies that have been made, have reached the point that many areas of life and the city we live in are affected by the concepts of 'mass - void'. Architecture, art and photography have been linked. The findings were analyzed with the photographic technique and the perceptions during the study were interpreted.


Aim: This is a prospective study to assess the socio-economic status and various problems faced by the patient and their relatives. Co-factors like education, Income and awareness of public on healthcare were also assessed.  
Materials and Methods: This Study was conducted on indoor patients in department of medicine at SMS Medical College. Relatives of admitted patient well given a questionnaire in Hindi with unbiased assistance to illiterate.
Results: Most of the patients belonged to low socioeconomic status with per capita income of less than Rs 5000 per month (56.8%) . In 76.5% cases the patient was the sole earning member of the family. People used their savings to meet the expenditure (76.3%) and 58.65% used public transport to reach the tertiary centre.
Conclusion: This study showed a direct co-relation of socio-economic status with health and use of the available resources. Lack of education is a hindrance in proper treatment and utilization of facilities. Government needs to further address these areas and make policies accordingly.


In this study, the rainfall variability and trend of the Northern Region of Sri Lanka (NRSL) isexamined. Long term monthly rainfall data (1881-2015) were obtained for sixrain gauge stations of Jaffna, Mannar, Kanukkeni, Vavuniya, Pavatkulam and Muttayankaddu. To study the inter-annual and decadal variability and trend, Coefficient of Variation (CV), least square trendand Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) were used as descriptors of rainfall variability. The SPI had computed for 1, 2, and 3 -month time scale for all six rain gauge stations.The mean annual rainfall of NRSL is 1233mm and its CV range is varies spatially from 24.8% to 33.1%. The analysis demonstrates the intensity of flood, drought and normal years. Out of 135 years,40 years were experienced as flood and 20 years as drought. The probability flood year is 0.296 and drought year0.148. The study revealed that the occurrences of flood years are more (30%) than the drought years (15%). The decadal variability and trend of rainfall results revealed that the decreasing trend was prolonged in the decades of 1881-1890, 1901-1910, 1921-30, 1931-40, 1971-80 and 1981-90 and increasing trend noticed in the decades of 1891-1900 and 1951-1960.


Nowadays, since the will for consumption had already begun to increase rather than production, actors in design world seems to be competing each other in order to present the newest and surprising design methods. This search of textuality and will to surprise in design performance, coused by the story-teller side of Postmodernism, shows itself in various design strategies. Within this innovational race, primary concentration of designers tends to magnetize masses with yet-untold-stories and attract a sudden attention with the charm of the unexpected. 
When discussions of ecological apprehensions show up, sustainable solutions join up to the game and brings new options for designing tools with a diversity beyond imagination. Besides, changes of informational revolution bring major transformations to the big picture. Ever since the information of  “producing things” travels intercontinentally by light velocity, the world of people who produce things is in upheaval. So, if Modernism was about producing the same perfect objects in great numbers for masses, today it’s about making just one or a few customized options. Purpose of this study is to share results of questionary surveys and Ad-hoc experiences in various design studios through a vertical studio process, as well as trying to define Ad-hoc design principles by both indoor and outdoor examples. 


Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the histopathological diversity of salivary gland lesion. (Including Non neoplastic and neoplastic lesions.) This is a prospective study conducted in PBM hospital and associated group of hospitals in Bikaner Zone. 
Material & Methods: Total 80 cases was included in this study. 
Results: Out of 80 cases, 32 cases were non neoplastic, 48 cases were neoplastic. In neoplastic lesion 40 cases were benign, 8 cases were malignant. In Bikaner zone benign neoplasm was predominant than malignant neoplasm. Non neoplastic lesion most commonly involve submandibular gland. Neoplastic lesion most commanly involve parotid gland. Most common benign tumor was pleomorphic adenoma and most common malignant tumor was mucoepidermoid carcinoma.
Conclusion: Timely diagnosis according to histology of salivary gland lesions decreases morbidity and mortality. And appropriate treatment according to nature of lesion weather it was non neo-plastic or non neoplastic. In neoplastic whether it was benign or malignant. In benign lesion surgical resection was only treatment, in malignant lesion after surgical resection chemotherapy or radiotherapy was given, and follow up of cases. 


The aim of this study is to gather in-depth knowledge regarding the current state of mobile commerce in fashion in Bangladesh and identify the factors that might influence their intention towards adopting it. 
Numerous academic research have focused on the adoption of mobile commerce for fashion products in developed countries, however, research on mobile commerce in fashion from the perspective of emerging countries like Bangladesh is lacking. This gap in knowledge combined with the recent upsurge in adoption of smartphones and rapid expansion of the domestic fashion market makes this research worthy of studying. 
This research initially identified possible factors from the existing literatures that might assist in predicting which factors might influence Bangladeshi consumer’s intention to adopt mobile technology, and related hypotheses were formed based on UTAUT 2 model structure. Questionnaire survey was conducted to collected data from different user group and to check the hypotheses, using Structural Equation model. The analysis found four possible factors that might influence consumer’s intention to adopt mobile commerce for fashion products in Bangladesh namely performance expectancy, habit, price value and real-time search and evaluation. This research has significant implications in both academic and managerial context. From an academic viewpoint it will provide the future researches with a base to build on as research concerning mobile commerce is limited in Bangladesh. Furthermore, it adds to current knowledge by utilizing new data analysis techniques. The fashion retailers can use the findings of this research to develop mobile services for the consumers and tailor their marketing campaigns to provide a better experience.